OneGeology: 106 countries are aiming to build up a geological map of the world (2009). © OneGeology

Data interoperability: high-level expertise

Because of our highly varied data and sources and the increasing diversity of services, compliance with interoperability standards for tools and information is a priority for the BRGM.

BRGM is a major player in the collection, development and delivery of georeferenced data on the geosciences and the environment and has been a pioneering organisation in conceptual work on interoperability as a principle of distributed information systems.

This particular competence made the BRGM one of the main contributors to the definition of rules and standards for the European INSPIRE Directive (transposed into French law in 2009), whose ultimate goal is on-line availability of all public environmental information in Europe.

INSPIRE: an EU Directive on environmental information

The INSPIRE initiative was launched in 2003 and became a Directive in 2007. Its aim is to establish a Europe-wide geographic information infrastructure in order to improve the design and implementation of Community policies.

The Directive aims to make all public environmental information in Europe available on line. A central issue is to define common rules for all data producers and ensure that all systems are interoperable so that the different resources are coherent and can be shared and used by all.

BRGM was closely involved in the development of the Directive and was responsible for piloting the expert teams in charge of drafting its rules. It is also supporting the Ministry of the Environment for implementation of the Directive in France, and is responsible in particular for the GéoCatalogue.

GEOSS: Global Earth Observation System of Systems initiative

BRGM is a participant in GEOSS, an international initiative to create an Earth Observation “system of systems” designed to provide decision-support tools for a wide range of users.

By connecting thousands of datasets produced by Earth Observation systems, the  "GeoPortal" offers a one-stop-shop to the different portals for access to data, imagery and analytical tools, and delivers reliable, updated and easily accessible data for decision-makers, planners, crisis managers, etc

EuroGeoss: a tool for multidisciplinary interoperability

BRGM is also the coordinator for EuroGeoss, the European contribution to GEOSS.

The goal of EuroGeoss is full interoperability of all data from European observation systems on forests, drought and biodiversity, in order to optimise sharing and distribution of all the information they contain on the environment.

BRGM contributions to other major GEOSS projects

BRGM is also taking part in the following GEOSS projects:

  •  AEGOS (African-European Georesources Observation System)
  • EO2Heaven (Earth Observation and Environmental Modelling for the Mitigation of Health Risks)
  • ENVISION (ENVIronmental Services Infrastructure with Ontologies)
  • PanGeo (Accessible information on natural risks for several major European cities) 
  • EOMiners (Earth observation for monitoring and observing environmental and societal impacts of mineral resource exploration and exploitation)

OneGeology: sharing geological data across the world

OneGeology, an international initiative from geological surveys across the world which is coordinated by the BGS (British Geological Survey) and BRGM, aims to produce a dynamic compilation of digital geological maps supplied by each country for its own territory.

The European component, OneGeology-Europe, rises to the challenge of harmonising Europe-wide geological data thanks to a single computer language.

OGC: an international consortium to develop geospatial interoperability

OGC logo

BRGM joined the  OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) in 2001. It contributes to development work and leads the French OGC Forum. It is also a member of the OGC Board.

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